Nepal facts
    Name Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल)
    Capital City Kathmandu
    Largest Cities Kathmandu | Pokhara | Biratnagar
    Currency Nepalese rupee (NPR)
    Official language Nepali
    Population 29 million (rank: 46)
    Area 147,181 sq km / 56,827 sq miles (rank: 94)
    Population density 180 per sq. km or 466 per sq mile (rank: 62)
    Anthem सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Made of Hundreds of Flowers)
    Motto जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven)
    Highest point Mount Everest 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
    Lowest point Kanchan Kalan 70 m (230 ft)
    Longest River Karnali
    Largest Lake Rara Lake
    Borders China 1,389 km, India 1,770 km
    Median Age 24 years
    Population data Growth rate: 1.24% | Birth rate: 1.99% | Death rate: 0.57%
    Life expectancy 70.7 years (Males: 70.1 years | Female: 71.3 years)
    Literacy rate 63.9% (Male: 76.4% | Female: 53.1%)
    GDP (PPP) $74.020 billion (Per capita: $2,573)
    Busiest airport Tribhuvan International Airport (KTM), Kathmandu
    Calling code +977
    Internet TLD .np (.नेपाल)
    Fiscal year 16 July - 15 July
    Export partners India 61.3%, US 9.4%
    Import partners India 61.5%, China 15.4%
    President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
    Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba
    Time now
    Nepal facts
    Nepal facts
    Land of Himalayas
    Nepal is home to eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. The local name for Mount Everest, Sagarmatha, means 'Goddess of the Sky'.
    Amazing Nepal facts
    Nepal facts
    Birth place of Buddha

    Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BCE at Lumbini, Nepal. Gautama, who achieved Enlightenment and became the Gautama Buddha and founded Buddhism. Lumbini was made a World Heritage Site status by UNESCO in 1997
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    Nepal facts
    Better to die than live a coward.
    The Royal Gurkha Rifles (RGR) regiment soldiers of the British Army are recruited from Nepal. Gurkhas, the fearsome Nepalese fighters, have been part of the British Army since 1815. They still carry into battle their traditional weapon - an 18-inch long curved knife known as the kukri. The name "Gurkha" comes from the hill town of Gorkha from which the Nepalese kingdom had expanded. To qualify for the regiment, young hopefuls have to run uphill for 40 minutes carrying rocks weighing 70 lbs. Though they fight for the British, Gurkhas do not get British citizenship. They have to return to Nepal at the end of their service.
Nepal Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
Nepal Currency




    Nepal National Symbols
    National Animal Cow (Achham cattle)
    National Bird Himalayan monal
    National Color Crimson
    National Dress / Costume Daura-Suruwal
    National Flower Rhododendron (लाली गुराँस)
    National Language Nepali (नेपाली)
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    Nepal flag
    Most unique national flag in the world

    Nepal is the only nation in the world that does not have a rectangular national flag (two countries have square flags, but mathematically speaking, square is a kind of rectangle) Until 1962, the sun and the crescent moon on the flag had human faces. The flag of Nepal is the only current national flag that is taller than it is wide
Nepal Coat of Arms
Nepal Seal
    Amazing Nepal facts
    Nepal facts
    City of light
    Kathmandu is the capital and largest city of Nepal. The city of Kathmandu is named after Kasthamandap temple, that stood in Durbar Square. (Kasthamandap means 'Wooden temple' in Sanskrit) In medieval times, the city was called 'Kantipur' (Kantipur means "City of light" in Sanskrit)


Current weather (Kathmandu)
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    Nepal facts

    Frozen
    Himalayas are the world’s third largest depository of snow and ice (after Antarctica and the Arctic), with around 15,000 glaciers containing about 3,000 cubic miles of water.
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    Nepal facts
    Twenty-one Salute
    Two people on Earth conquered Mount Everest most number of times. Apa Sherpa and Phurba Tashi of Nepal jointly hold the record for reaching the summit of Mount Everest most number of times (21 times) As part of The Eco Everest Expedition 2011, Apa made his 21st Mount Everest summit in May 2011
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    Nepal - an introduction
    Nepal is a landlocked central in South Asia. Bordering China in the north and India in the south, east, and west, it is the largest sovereign Himalayan state. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. It is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.
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    Nepal facts
    Brief history of Nepal
    Nepal has a recorded history since the Neolithic age. Siddhartha Gautama, who achieved Enlightenment and founded Buddhism, was born in 563 BCE at Lumbini, Nepal. The Kathmandu Valley was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rana dynasty of premiers. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War resulted in the proclamation of a republic in 2008, ending the reign of the world's last Hindu monarchy.
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    Nepal facts
    Nepal's foreign relations
    Nepal was never colonized and retained its independence following the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16 and the subsequent peace treaty laid the foundations for two centuries of amicable relations between Britain and Nepal. The Brigade of Gurkas continues to serve in the British Army to the present day. Nepal's foreign relations expanded after the Anglo-Nepal Treaty of 1923, which was recognized by the League of Nations. After a Soviet veto in 1949, Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955. Friendship treaties were signed with the Dominion of India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which it is a founding member. Nepal is also a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative.
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    Economy of Nepal
    Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world, with about one-quarter of its population living below the poverty line. Nepal is heavily dependent on remittances, which amount to as much as 29% of GDP. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for almost 70% of the population and accounting for about one-third of GDP. Industrial activity mainly involves the processing of agricultural products, including pulses, jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain.
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    Geography of Nepal

    Nepal is commonly divided into three physiographic areas: Mountain, Hill and Terai. These ecological belts run east–west and are vertically intersected by Nepal's major, north to south flowing river systems. The southern lowland plains or Terai bordering India are part of the northern rim of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. They were formed and are fed by three major Himalayan rivers: the Kosi, the Narayani, and the Karnali as well as smaller rivers rising below the permanent snowline. This region has a subtropical to tropical climate. The outermost range of foothills called Sivalik Hills or Churia Range cresting at 700 to 1,000 metres (2,297 to 3,281 ft) marks the limit of the Gangetic Plain, however broad, low valleys called Inner Tarai Valleys (Bhitri Tarai Uptyaka) lie north of these foothills in several places. The Hill Region (Pahad) abuts the mountains and varies from 800 to 4,000 metres (2,625 to 13,123 ft) in altitude with progression from subtropical climates below 1,200 metres (3,937 ft) to alpine climates above 3,600 metres (11,811 ft). The Lower Himalayan Range reaching 1,500 to 3,000 metres (4,921 to 9,843 ft) is the southern limit of this region, with subtropical river valleys and "hills" alternating to the north of this range. The Mountain Region (Himal), situated in the Great Himalayan Range, makes up the northern part of Nepal. It contains the highest elevations in the world including 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) height Mount Everest.
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    World Heritage Sites in Nepal
    The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated 4 World Heritage Sites in Nepal.
    1. Sagarmatha National Park 2. Kathmandu Valley 3. Chitwan National Park 4. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha
    Nepal facts

    Nepal facts
    National Anthem of Nepal
    "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" ("Made of Hundreds of Flowers") is the national anthem of Nepal. It was officially adopted as the anthem on August 3, 2007. The lyrics of the National Anthem were penned by the poet Pradeep Kumar Rai, alias Byakul Maila. The music was composed by late Amber Gurung. The previous anthem, Rastriya Gaan, had been adopted in 1962, but it was dropped following the abolishment of the monarchy.


    Nepal facts

    Nepal facts

    SAARC Headquarters

    Kathmandu, Nepal has the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which Nepal is a founding member. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are the members of SAARC.

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